VATIKAN – VATICAN CITY (THE HOLY SEE) – SANTA SEDE

Vatikanski vrtovi-The Vatican Gardens

Vatikanski vrtovi-The Vatican Gardens

Mikelandjelova Pieta-Michelangelo's Pieta

Mikelandjelova Pieta-Michelangelo’s Pieta

Oltar crkve Svetog Petra-The altar at St. Peter's Basilica

Oltar crkve Svetog Petra-The altar at St. Peter’s Basilica

Papa iza neprobojnog stakla svog vozila - The Pope behind the bulletproof glass of his vehicle

Papa iza neprobojnog stakla svog vozila – The Pope behind the bulletproof glass of his vehicle

Papa iza neprobojnog stakla svog vozila-The Pope behind the bulletproof glass of his vehicle

Papa iza neprobojnog stakla svog vozila-The Pope behind the bulletproof glass of his vehicle

Papa pozdravlja mase - The Pope greeting masses

Papa pozdravlja mase – The Pope greeting masses

Papa pozdravlja mase-The Pope greeting masses

Papa pozdravlja mase-The Pope greeting masses

Papa pozdravlja plasticne hirurge sveta-The Pope greeting world plastic surgeons

Papa pozdravlja plasticne hirurge sveta-The Pope greeting world plastic surgeons

Pogled na Crkvu Svetog Petra-A view of Saint Peter's Basilica

Pogled na Crkvu Svetog Petra-A view of Saint Peter’s Basilica

Pogled na kupolu crkve Svetog Petra iz vrtova Vatikana-A view of the dome of St. Peter's Basilica from the Vatican Gardens

Pogled na kupolu crkve Svetog Petra iz vrtova Vatikana-A view of the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica from the Vatican Gardens

Sikstinska kapela-Sistine Chapel

Sikstinska kapela-Sistine Chapel

Trg Svetog Petra - St. Peter's Square

Trg Svetog Petra – St. Peter’s Square

Trg Svetog Petra-St. Peter's Square

Trg Svetog Petra-St. Peter’s Square

Vatikanski muzej-The Vatican Museum

Vatikanski muzej-The Vatican Museum

Vatikanski vrtovi - The Vatican Gardens

Vatikanski vrtovi – The Vatican Gardens

Iako je svaki tekst posvećen jednoj zemlji, odnosno državi, u nedoumici sam
kako da Vatikan posmatram kao državu. Radije bih ga prihvatio sa nekog
umetničkog stanovišta i divio se delima velikih majstora koja krase
Sikstinsku kapelu i vatikanske muzeje. Ili bih ga posmatrao kao jednu
virtuelnu celinu, koja vekovima pokušava da kontroliše svet upornim
nametanjem svojih religioznih shvatanja i stavova, čak i tamo gde im možda
nije mesto, u džunglama Amazona ili Afrike, kao i na ostrvima Polinezije.
Najnovija španska enciklopedija sveta postavlja pitanje zašto se onda
katoličanstvo nije brže i masovnije uspostavljalo u tim predelima, a
istovremeno daje i odgovor: zbog surovosti kojima su se te metode
sprovodile. Pogromi južnoameričkih civilizacija sigurno su nametali
nedoumicu lokalnom stanovništvu o prihvatanju jedne nove, a tako bezdušne
religije.
Vatikan je ipak jedna ideja koja je uzela atribute državnosti. Zašto se,
onda, kao države ne proglase Konstantinopolj, Meka ili Jerusalim, kao
nosioci svojih religija?
Papa je vrhovni verski poglavar katoličkog sveta, čije je sedište u
Vatikanu, najmanjoj suverenoj državi na svetu. Njegov se izbor, posle smrti
prethodnog pape, posmatra sa više pažnje nego izbor američkog predsednika
koji se bira na četiri godine, a papa za ceo život. Njegovu reč, čini se,
slušaju više nego bilo koju predsedničku. Voleo sam prethodnog papu zbog
njegovih putovanja; bio je neumoran putnik sve do smrti. U tome smo sigurno
bili veoma slični.
Katolička crkva je tokom istorije znala da često ekskominicira viđenije
ljude, pa je ta zla sudbina zadesila i oca plastične hirurgije Gaspare
Taljakocija krajem XVI veka. On je bio proklet i ekshumiran zbog svojih
rekonstruktivnih operacija nosa, koje su smatrane protivprirodnim i
ilegalnim, dok je njegovo delo tek 1958. godine dobilo teološku
revalorizaciju rečima pape Pija XII: “Ako posmatramo fizičku lepotu u
hrišćanskom svetlu i poštujemo uslove na osnovu naših moralnih učenja, tada
estetska hirurgija nije u suprotnosti sa božjom voljom, jer restaurira
perfekciju najsavršenije kreacije, a to je čovek.”
I ko onda može biti veći katolik od pape?

Mart 2011.
__________________________________________________________

Even though each text is devoted to one country, or state, I am in two minds
about how to acknowledge Vatican as a state. I would rather accept it from
the artistic point of view and admire the creations of the great masters in
the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. Or perhaps I could observe it as
a virtual entity that has attempted to control the world through the
centuries with its persistent imposition of its religious tenets and views,
even in places where they don’t belong, such as in the jungles of the Amazon
or Africa and on the islands of Polynesia. The most recent edition of the
Spanish World Encyclopaedia poses the question about why Catholicism did not
spread faster and more widely in those regions and it gives the answer at
the same time: because of the cruelty of the methods used to propagate the
faith. The extermination of the South American civilisations certainly
created a dilemma for the locals about accepting this new, yet so cruel
religion. After all, Vatican is just a belief system that adopted the
attributes of a state. Why wouldn’t Constantinople, Mecca or Jerusalem
become states, given that they are bearers of their respective religions?
The Pope is the supreme religious figure of the Catholic world whose seat is
in Vatican, the smallest sovereign state in the world. The election of the
new Pope, after the death of the previous one is followed with more
attention than the election of the American President who is chosen every
four years, whereas the Pope is chosen for life. The words of the Pope are
more listened to than any president’s. I liked the previous Pope because of
his travels; he was an indefatigable traveller until his death. We are quite
similar in our passion for travel.
During its history the Catholic Church did not shy away from excommunicating
some famous people and Gaspare Tagliacozzi, the father of plastic surgery,
met his ill fate this way at the end of the 16th century. He was cursed and
exhumed because of the reconstructive surgeries of the nose he performed;
they were deemed unnatural and illegal and his work was re-evaluated in a
theological sense only in 1958 by Pope Pius XII, who said: ‘If we observe
physical beauty under the auspices of Christianity and follow the conditions
of our moral teachings, then aesthetic surgery is not in opposition to God’s
will, because it restores the perfection of the supreme creation, and that
is man.’
So then, who could be a bigger Catholic than the Pope?

March 2011

Leave a Reply