SAN MARINO – SAN MARINO

Retki policajac-Rare policeman

Retki policajac-Rare policeman

Trg slobode-Piazza della liberta San Marino

Trg slobode-Piazza della liberta San Marino

Tvrdjava na brdu Monte Titano - The Guaita fortress on Monte Titano

Tvrdjava na brdu Monte Titano – The Guaita fortress on Monte Titano

Tvrdjava na brdu Monte Titano-The Guaita fortress on Monte Titano

Tvrdjava na brdu Monte Titano-The Guaita fortress on Monte Titano

Zgrada Vlade-The Government House

Zgrada Vlade-The Government House

Belo-svetloplava zastava San Marina-White and lightblue flag of San Marino

Belo-svetloplava zastava San Marina-White and lightblue flag of San Marino

Katolicka crkva-The Basilica del Santo

Katolicka crkva-The Basilica del Santo

Pogled na San Marino preko zgrade Vlade-A view of San Marino over the Government House

Pogled na San Marino preko zgrade Vlade-A view of San Marino over the Government House

Pogled sa visine na Borgo Madjore-Aerial view of Borgo Maggiore

Pogled sa visine na Borgo Madjore-Aerial view of Borgo Maggiore

Republika San Marino je najstarija i najmanja nezavisna država na svetu.
Davno, u IV veku, osnovao je dalmatinski kamenorezac koji se zvao Marino.
Došao je u Rimini da bi učestvovao u izgradnji luke. Ubrzo je, bežeći od
rimskog imperatora Dioklecijana koji je u to vreme progonio hrišćane,
pronašao utočište na obližnjem brdu Titan i tu, zajedno sa braćom iste vere,
osnovao prvu komunu. Teško stečena sloboda bila je njihov najveći ideal za
koji su se stalno borili, a Marino, koji je posle smrti postao svetac,
ostavio ih je rečima:”Relinquo vos liberos ab utroque homine” ili “Ostavljam
vas slobodne od bilo kog čoveka”. U vekovima koji su sledili oni su gradili
zidine koje su utvrđivale njihovu slobodu, za koju su nastavili da se bore
protiv uticajnih porodica i njihovih vojski koje su tada vladale Italijom.
Ustav San Marina je najstariji važeći ustav na svetu, koji datira iz 1600.
godine.
Šetnja srednjevekovnim zidinama San Marina podseća na orlov let, na boravak
na čardaku “ni na nebu, ni na zemlji”. Pogledom sa Titana koji tako
gorostasno zvuči, a visok je svega 750 metara, može se obuhvatiti skoro cela
teritorija zemlje u kojoj živi tridesetak hiljada stanovnika. Sa njegovih
kula osmatračnica vitezovi su nekada branili teško stečenu slobodu, dok
turisti danas samo zamišljaju kako je to izgledalo, posmatrajući zelene
doline u izmaglici.
U govoru koji sam pripremio na italijanskom jeziku, na velikom i svečanom
skupu u Kongresnoj palati Kursal, pokušavam da objasnim koliko mi je važno
što se u tom trenutku nalazim u njihovoj zemlji koju sam, sticajem
okolnosti, odabrao da bude poslednja destinacija na mom velikom putu
obilaska svih zemalja sveta. Zahvaljujući svom dobrom prijatelju Vasi
Vitanoviću, čiji su mi uticaj i prijateljstvo sa prethodnim Predsednikom
omogućili da im se obratim, bio sam srećan jer sam svoje misli o okolnostima
dolaska na to mesto mogao da podelim sa tako značajnim, ali i meni veoma
bliskim skupom najuticajnijih ljudi San Marina i njihovih odabranih gostiju.
Usledila je kratka neverica, a potom dug spontani aplauz, čestitke na
završetku poduhvata i svečana večera u salonima palate Kursal.
Bio sam veoma ponosan i srećan.

April 2012.
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The Republic of San Marino is the oldest and smallest independent state in
the world. A long time ago, in the 4th century it was founded by a Dalmatian
stonecutter named Marino. He came to Rimini to take part in the building of
the port. However, he soon had to escape from the persecution of the Roman
Emperor Diocletian, who at the time persecuted all Christians, and he found
sanctuary at nearby Monte Titano. There he founded the first commune
together with his brothers and sisters in faith. Hard won freedom, that they
continued to fight for, was his most cherished ideal and his last words,
before dying and being proclaimed a saint, were: “Relinquo vos liberos ab
utroque homine” or “I leave you free from any man.” In the ensuing
centuries, they built walls to fortify their freedom and they kept fighting
for it against the influential families and their armies who ruled Italy at
the time. The Constitution of San Marino is the oldest constitution still in
use and it dates back to 1600.
Walking around the medieval ramparts of San Marino makes you feel like you
are doing an eagle’s flight, that you are neither on Earth nor in the sky,
but somewhere in between. A view from Mount Titan, which sounds grand but is
only 750m high, stretches across almost the entire territory of this country
which has only around 30,000 inhabitants. Once upon a time knights fought
for their hard won freedom from these military observatories in the
fortress, whereas tourists today roam about only imagining how it all
happened, gazing at the green valleys in the mist.
At the Palazzo dei Congressi Kursaal, at a large official gathering, in a
speech I delivered in Italian, I tried to explain why being in their country
at that very moment was so important to me – due to circumstances I have
chosen San Marino to be my final destination on my great journey around the
world. I felt grateful to my dear friend Vasa Vitanović whose influence and
friendship with the former President of the country made it possible for me
to address this gathering; I felt really happy that I was able to share my
thoughts about my visit to San Marino, with its most influential people and
their guests, who were at the same time close to me. A short pause full of
incredulity ensued and then a long spontaneous applause broke out, followed
by congratulations on completion of my project and the gala dinner in the
salons of the Kursaal Palace.
I felt very happy and proud.

April 2012

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