RUMUNIJA – ROMANIA – ROMÂNIA

Trg pobede u Temisvaru sa Narodnim pozoristem-Victory square and National Theatrel in Timisoara

Trg pobede u Temisvaru sa Narodnim pozoristem-Victory square and National Theatrel in Timisoara

Trg pobede u Temisvaru sa pravoslavnom crkvom-Victory square and Orthodox Cathedral in Timisoara

Trg pobede u Temisvaru sa pravoslavnom crkvom-Victory square and Orthodox Cathedral in Timisoara

Veliki Varadin, centar grada-Oradea, city centre

Veliki Varadin, centar grada-Oradea, city centre

Zamak Bran ili Drakulin zamak-Bran Castle commonly known as Dracula's Castle

Zamak Bran ili Drakulin zamak-Bran Castle commonly known as Dracula’s Castle

Zgrada kasina u Konstanci u art nouveau stilu izmedju dva rata-Casino in Constanca in art nouveau style

Zgrada kasina u Konstanci u art nouveau stilu izmedju dva rata-Casino in Constanca in art nouveau style

Zgrada rumunskog Parlamenta u Bukurestu-Romanian Parliament House in Bucharest

Zgrada rumunskog Parlamenta u Bukurestu-Romanian Parliament House in Bucharest

Glavni trg u Brasovu-Brasov Council Square

Glavni trg u Brasovu-Brasov Council Square

Koncertna dvorana u Bukurestu-The Romanian Athenaeum concert hall

Koncertna dvorana u Bukurestu-The Romanian Athenaeum concert hall

Palata kulture u Jasiju-Palace of Culture in Iasi

Palata kulture u Jasiju-Palace of Culture in Iasi

Reka Keres i Gradska vecnica u Velikom Varadinu-River Crisul Repede and City Hall in Oradea

Reka Keres i Gradska vecnica u Velikom Varadinu-River Crisul Repede and City Hall in Oradea

Saborna crkva u Jasiju-Metropolitan Cathedral in Iasi

Saborna crkva u Jasiju-Metropolitan Cathedral in Iasi

Sahat kula i kuca u kojoj je rodjen grof Drakula-Clock Tower and supposed birthplace of Vlad Dracula

Sahat kula i kuca u kojoj je rodjen grof Drakula-Clock Tower and supposed birthplace of Vlad Dracula

Spomenik nacionalnom preporodu u Bukurestu-The Memorial of Rebirth in Revolution Square in Bucharest

Spomenik nacionalnom preporodu u Bukurestu-The Memorial of Rebirth in Revolution Square in Bucharest

Srecan put-Have a nice trip-Drum bun

Srecan put-Have a nice trip-Drum bun

Srednjevekovni grad Segesvar-Medieval town of Sighisoara

Srednjevekovni grad Segesvar-Medieval town of Sighisoara

Od trenutka kad se uđe u ovu prijatnu susednu zemlju, na putevima se odmah
uočava natpis Drum Bun, u prevodu – srećan put. Već tada se pomisli na nešto
poznato i razumljivo: drum je drum i na srpskom, a bun je naravno bon, bene,
bueno, dakle dobro. I sama zemlja je takva: pripada po svemu i nama iz
neposrednog okruženja, a i onim Latinima. Pravoslavna je po uverenju i
mentalitetu kao balkanska država, a latinska, čini se, samo po jeziku koji
pripada romanskoj grupi. Volimo se i razumemo sa Rumunima; možda čak mnogo
više Rumuni nas Srbe nego mi njih. Mi, na svoju nesreću, još gajimo
davnašnju aroganciju prema narodima sa istoka Evrope.
Kad se kaže zemlja grofa Drakule, pomisli se, naravno, na Transilvaniju. To
je ogromna oblast u severnoj Rumuniji, koja je razvijenija od juga zemlje
ili Vlaške oblasti, zbog čega u Srbiji Rumune često nazivaju Vlasima.
Neveliki broj ljudi poznaje lepota starih gradova na severu zemlje kao sto
su Oradea, Kluž Napoka, Sibiu, Brašov…pa sve do krajnjeg severoistoka, gde
se krije Jaši, miran gradić u moldavskoj oblasti, u kome se nalazi crkva sa
moštima Svete Petke.
Rumunija se pamti po jedinstvenom događaju iz njene bliske prošlosti, a to
je zbacivanje sa vlasti, progon i smaknuće diktatorskog para Čaušesku. Bio
je to događaj koji je tekao kao filmska serija i sa nestrpljenjem se
očekivao i pratio u direktnom prenosu. Zanimljiva je činjenica da smo mi u
Srbiji znatiželjno pratili odlazak takvog para u susednoj državi, dok se u
isto vreme sličan par rađao na političkoj pozornici  naše zemlje, a da nismo
mogli, znali ili želeli da to vidimo.
Rumuni su dobar narod koji živi u svojoj lepoj i velikoj zemlji, punoj
prirodnih lepota, starih gradova i dobrih vina. Gradovi u Transilvaniji se
odlikuju primerima austrougarske arhitekture, patinirane lepote sa
tradicijom. Zamak legendarnog grofa Vlada Cepeša, poznatijeg kao Drakula,
nalazi se pored jednog od najlepših i naromantičnijih starih gradova ove
oblasti, koji se naziva Sigišoara. Kao da se, sa svakim udarom crkvenog
zvona, očekuje pojava te istorijske ličnosti, koja će kao duh prolebdeti u
svojoj kočiji kroz uske kaldrmisane uličice tog gradića u maglovitom sutonu,
ostavljajući krvavi vampirski trag.
Delta Dunava, sa jatima kormorana koji lutaju po bezbrojnim rukavcima, pruža
neizmernu lepotu ogromnog eko-sistema i prirodni završetak najduže evropske
reke. Ispod delte se proteže kratka crnomorska obala dužine manje od sto
kilometara, ali sa peščanim plažama od kojih neke ambijentom skoro da
podsećaju na karipske plaže. Samo im nedostaju palme i neka druga boja mora.
Muzika rumunskih Cigana, prirodne lepote, ali i ogromna kultura i tradicija
ovog dobrog i prijateljskog naroda kao da me stalno podstiču da im se
vratim.
I zato zaista želim da me novi putevi srećno povedu kroz Rumuniju. Drum Bun!

Maj 2003.

From the moment I enter this pleasant neighbouring country, I immediately
spot a sign Drum Bun on the roadside, – meaning ‘Have a good trip’. I then
think of something familiar and easy to understand: drum means ‘road’ in
Serbian too, and bun, of course, is bon, bene, bueno, meaning ‘good’. And
the country itself is like that, belonging to a similar environment we
share, but also having its Latin roots. It is a Christian Orthodox country
based on its beliefs and mentality, a Balkan country; it is Latin only by
way of its language which belongs to the Roman family of languages. We like
Romanians and we understand each other; perhaps Romanians understand Serbs
more than the other way round. Unfortunately, we still cherish some
arrogance from the past towards the peoples of Eastern Europe.
When we say ‘the country of Count Dracula’ we of course mean Transilvania.
It is a huge region in the North of Romania which is considerably more
developed than the South or the region of Wallachia, which is why Romanians
are sometimes called in Serbia – Wallachians. Not many people are aware of
the beauty of the old towns in the North, such as Oradea, Cluj-Napoca,
Sibiu, Braşov…all the way to the extreme North East, where a tranquil town
of Jassi is hidden in the region of Moldavia, boasting the church with the
holy bones of Sveta Petka.
Romania is remembered by an event from its recent history, and that was the
overthrowing, exile and execution of the dictatorial Ceauşescu couple. It
was an event unfolding like a TV series, anticipated with impatience and
watched live. It is an interesting fact that we in Serbia followed with
curiosity the disappearance of such a couple in a neighbouring country,
while at the same time a similar couple has been emerging on our own
political scene, and we couldn’t or wouldn’t see it.
The Romanians are good people who live in their spacious and beautiful
country full of natural attractions, old towns and great wines. The cities
of Transilvania are characterised by examples of Austro-Hungarian
architecture with old-fashioned charm and tradition. The castle of the
legendary Vlad III Prince of Wallachia, better known as Dracula, is situated
near one of the prettiest and most romantic towns in the region, called
Sighişoara. It seems like that with every strike of the church bell the
appearance of this historical figure is anticipated; like a ghost he is
expected to fly past in his carriage through the narrow cobbled streets of
this town enveloped in mist, leaving in his wake a bloody vampire’s trail.
The Danube Delta, with flocks of cormorants roaming countless estuaries, is
a sight of infinite beauty with its huge eco-system, and is a natural end of
Europe’s longest river. The short stretch of the Black Sea shore lies below
the Delta, and is only less than 100 kilometres long; but its sandy beaches
almost resemble Caribbean ones in their ambiance. They only miss palms and a
different colour of the sea.
Romanian Gypsy music, natural attractions, as well as the enormous cultural
heritage and tradition of this good and friendly people, always seem to draw
me back to this country. And I really want the new roads to take me happily
through Romania again. Drum Bun!

May 2003

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