CEŠKA – CZECH REPUBLIC – ČESKÁ REPUBLIKA

Astroloski casovnik na Sahat kuli u Pragu-The Astronomical Clock at the Clock Tower in Prague

Astroloski casovnik na Sahat kuli u Pragu-The Astronomical Clock at the Clock Tower in Prague

Astroloski casovnik-Prague Astronomical Clock

Astroloski casovnik-Prague Astronomical Clock

Najstarija aktivna sinagoga u Evropi-The Old New Synagogue-Europe's oldest active synagogue

Najstarija aktivna sinagoga u Evropi-The Old New Synagogue-Europe’s oldest active synagogue

Panorama Brna-A panoramc view of Brno

Panorama Brna-A panoramc view of Brno

Pogled na praski zamak ili hrad sa Karlovog mosta-A view of the Prague Castle from the Charles Bridge

Pogled na praski zamak ili hrad sa Karlovog mosta-A view of the Prague Castle from the Charles Bridge

 Pogled na praski zamak ili hrad-A view of the Prague Castle

Pogled na praski zamak ili hrad-A view of the Prague Castle

Pogled na reku Vltavu i Prag-A view of the Vltava River and Prague

Pogled na reku Vltavu i Prag-A view of the Vltava River and Prague

Starinska voznja ulicama glavnog grada-An old-fashioned drive through the streets of the capital

Starinska voznja ulicama glavnog grada-An old-fashioned drive through the streets of the capital

Staromjetske namjesti u Pragu - Old Town Square in Prague

Staromjetske namjesti u Pragu – Old Town Square in Prague

Staromjetske namjesti u Pragu- Old Town Square in Prague

Staromjetske namjesti u Pragu- Old Town Square in Prague

Staromjetske namjesti u Pragu-Old Town Square in Prague

Staromjetske namjesti u Pragu-Old Town Square in Prague

Tinska crkva u starom delu grada-Church of Our Lady before Tin

Tinska crkva u starom delu grada-Church of Our Lady before Tin

Drame Vaclava Havela objavljivane su i igrane u Beogradu dok je on bio disident i zabranjivan u sopstvenoj zemlji. Kad je postao predsednik Češke, nije pokazao mnogo zahvalnosti prema srpskim intelektualcima i narodu zbog podrške koju je imao u njima, u vreme kad je u svojoj zemlji bio odbačen i nepriznat. Ovo je možda samo deo odnosa čitavog češkog naroda prema mojoj zemlji, u kojoj je taj narod nalazio utočište i odmor u vreme gvozdene zavese, iza koje se nalazila tadašnja Čehoslovačka.
Ovaj moj politički lament ne može, ipak, umanjiti lepotu zemlje i njenog glavnog grada Praga, koji se još u XIII veku nazivao Zlatni Prag. Njegov najpoznatiji vladar, Karlo IV, proglasio ga je centrom tadašnjeg carstva, nastalog oko utvrđenja Hradčani i Višehrad, a za uzvrat, Prag je podigao elegantni spomenik Karlu Velikom na konju.
Reka Vltava sa svojim mostovima elegantno preseca grad, a najlepši od svih, čuveni Karlov most, tone lagano u suton u svom oskudnom osvetljenju, koje mu daje poseban šarm i neskrivenu mistiku. Možda je najlepše njime proći dok nestaje dan, a njegove skulpture dobijaju obrise srednjovekovnih utvara koje, u tajanstvenom zanosu, kao da pričaju istoriju grada. I ostali delovi starog grada imaju isti šarm, posebno čuveni trg Staromjetske namjesti ili stara većnica sa astronomskim časovnikom, punim simbolike tadašnjeg društva, u kome su vladale ezoterija i alhemija, ali gde je smrt ipak imala poslednju reč kad je otkucajima sata odvodila grešnike tamo gde im je mesto. Danas se još pitam koje je to mesto.
Praška filmska škola, praško proleće, praška šunka, praško pivo, praške knedličke, puno je etiketa povezanih sa imenom ovog grada: od intelektualnih i političkih, do prehrambenih.
Ipak, moj boravak na Karlovom univerzitetu, u okviru stručnih aktivnosti, ostavio je poseban pečat u mom poimanju Praga i njegove nekadašnje intelektualne elite. Tradicija tog univerziteta meri se sa najstarijim u Evropi, dok je studiranje na Praškoj filmskoj akademiji ostavilo svoj duboki trag u našim filmskim umetnicima i svetski poznatim rediteljima Goranu Markoviću, Goranu Paskaljeviću, Srđanu Karanoviću i Emiru Kusturici.
Ako ne zbog nečega drugog, onda sam zbog njih zahvalan Zlatnom Pragu, iako bi oni, verovatno, bili isto tako uspešni umetnici i bez njega. Ipak, uloga škole nikada se ne negira.
Miloš Forman je svetsko rediteljsko ime, Alfons Muha je ovekovečio francuske bordele i praške katedrale, Milan Kundera je pokazao da se i nepodnošljivo lako može postojati. Lakoća postojanja Čeha u svim vremenima i lakoća prihvatanja osvajača (uz sasvim izuzetno samospaljivanje), bilo da su to Nemci, Rusi ili, najzad, Evropljani, omogućila im je da se uvek lako prilagode svima.
Blago njima. Ahoj.

Mart 1995.
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Václav Havel’s dramas were published and performed in Belgrade at the time when his works were censored in his own country and he was a dissident. When he became the President of the Czech Republic, he did not show much gratitude to the Serbian intelligentsia and people in general for the support they gave him at the time when he was abandoned and unrecognised by his own country. Maybe this is just one facet of the relationship that Czech people had with my country, where they used to come for holidays, finding hospitality and repose, away from the iron curtain of the former Czechoslovakia.
This political lamentation of mine cannot really diminish the beauty of this country and its capital, Prague, which was called as early as the 18th century – Golden Prague. Its most famous ruler, Charles IV proclaimed it the capital of the empire that thrived around the fortress of Hradčani and Višehrad, and Prague paid back by building a monument to Charles the Great, a statue of a horseman.
The river Vltava cuts across the city in an elegant fashion, under its many bridges, and the most beautiful of all is Charles Bridge, enveloped in sunset, its dim lights making it appear even more charming and mysterious. Maybe it is most bewitching as daylight disappears, its sculptures almost coming to life, turning into medieval apparitions that recount this city’s history, enchanted. Other parts of the old city possess the same charm, especially Staromĕstské námĕstí, -the old City House with an unusual astronomic clock symbolising the old times when alchemy and esoteric practices ruled. Yet, when the clock strikes, the death would have its last word, taking the sinners to where they deserved to be. I still wonder where that is.
The Prague Film School, The Prague Spring, Prague ham, Prague beer, Prague dumplings, there are so many labels connected to this city’s name, from intellectual and political to gastronomic. Yet my study at Charles University in Prague in connection with my medical vocation, has made a powerful impact on my understanding of Prague and its then intellectual elite. Charles University is one of the oldest in Europe and the work of Serbian film directors, some of them internationally renowned, such as Goran Marković, Goran Paskaljević, Srđan Karanović  and Emir Kusturica, has been heavily influenced by their study at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. If not for anything else, I am grateful to Golden Prague because of them, even though they may have turned out to be fine artists anyway. However, you can never underestimate the power of education.
Miloš Forman is a world class film director, Alphonse Mucha has produced memorable images of Parisian brothels and the Prague cathedral, whereas Milan Kundera showed us that ‘living can be unbearably light’.  This lightness of living and the easy acceptance of foreign rule (with the exception of one man setting himself on fire), whether it was German, Russian, or now European, have helped Czech people to always adapt with ease. Good for them! Ahoj.

March 1995

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